First Nations Fact Sheet: A GENERAL PROFILE ON FIRST NATIONS CHILD WELFARE IN CANADA Prepared by Marlyn Bennett
The extension of provincial child welfare jurisdiction on reserve was viewed as yet another attempt at cultural genocide, which continues to contribute to the destruction of Aboriginal cultures (Giesbrecht, 1992; Hudson and McKenzie, 1985). Many First Nations leaders point out that in the absence of specific federal legislation, it does not give provinces rights over their people. In the meantime, First Nations governments and their child welfare agencies have reluctantly accepted to implement provincial child welfare legislation. Provincial jurisdiction, for the time being, is accepted as an interim arrangement until such time as specific First Nations legislation is developed and enacted by First Nations through the self-government process.